A Brief Look at the History of Crown Hill Cemetery

Crown Hill Cemetery is the nation's third largest cemetery, located 2.8 miles northwest of Monument Circle. Crown Hill was incorporated as a nonprofit, nondenominational cemetery on September 25, 1863, at a time when Greenlawn Cemetery was the principal burial ground in the city. Concern over Greenlawn's limited acreage and lack of care spurred the creation of a 30-member board of corporators that established Crown Hill. The land selected for the cemetery was considered some of the most beautiful in Marion County. From 842-foot Crown Hill, so named because it was the "crowning hill among all hills in Marion County," visitors encountered an extraordinary view of Indianapolis and the surrounding countryside.

The board contracted with John Chislett, a landscape architect from Pittsburgh, to design the cemetery shortly after it purchased 274 acres of land for $51,000. The following spring, his son Frederick Chislett supervised the development of seven burial sections and remained the cemetery's first supervisor for the next thirty years, after which his own son, also named John, succeeded him. Lucy Ann Seaton became the first interment on June 2, 1864, one day following the cemetery's dedication.

Additional acreage was added to Crown Hill, the last being purchased in 1911. Today the cemetery includes 555 acres, with its southern boundary at 32nd Street and the northern limit at 42nd Street. The western border is Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Street and Michigan Road, with both Clarendon Road and Boulevard Place on the east.

In 1866, 708 Union soldiers who died during the Civil War and were buried at Greenlawn were removed to Crown Hill and interred in a lot south of where the Gothic Chapel now stands. The United States government purchased this 1.37-acre lot to become the second of three national cemeteries in Indiana. Two years later the first Decoration Day service in Indianapolis was celebrated here, highlighted by a speech by Governor Conrad Baker. This traditional ceremony recurs each May on Memorial Day.

In 1875 an impressive limestone chapel, designed by Diedrich A. Bohlen and built by German craftsmen, was erected in the very center of the cemetery. Originally a temporary storage vault for the dead, the Gothic Chapel is now used for funeral services, tours, and special events. The chapel was restored in 1971 and 2004-2006.

The principal entryway to Crown Hill was established in 1885 at 34th Street and Boulevard Place (replacing a former western entrance located around 32nd Street and Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. Street). Adolph Scherrer designed this elaborate limestone archway as a companion to a brick administration building (the "Waiting Station") that served as the cemetery office until 1969. A sentry house was constructed to the left of the entrance in 1904.

Two different homes once stood on the Crown Hill grounds, each constructed as a residence for the superintendent and his family. The first of these was erected in 1869 and stood until 1917; the second, built in 1914, was removed in 1950. Other dwellings, including employee quarters, barns, stables, and shops, were built throughout the cemetery grounds. Today only the Service Yard, constructed in the early 1920s, remains. Other major structures on the grounds include the Crown Hill Mausoleum (1949), the current Administration Building (1969), the Crown Hill Funeral Home (1993), 57 private mausoleums, and several garden crypt buildings (located on the north and south grounds), including the "Field of Valor," dedicated on Veteran's Day 2004 for military entombments and burials. On Veterans Day 2005 an Eternal Flame was dedicated the Field of Valor to honor all who have served. Art works include three statues (1875) that once stood atop the Marion County Courthouse in downtown Indianapolis, an Equatorial Sundial (1987) created by David L. Rodgers, and the Enkema Fountain (1989).

A brick and wrought iron fence, begun in 1914 and completed in the late 1930s, surrounds three sides of the south grounds as well as the southernmost end of the north groundsóboth areas being separated by 38th Street. George E. Kessler designed this fence, which underwent restoration from 1985 to 1992. In 1925 a bridge/subway was constructed beneath 38th Street (formerly Maple Road) so that cemetery visitors could access both sides of the cemetery without leaving the grounds.

More than 200,000 persons are buried and entombed at Crown Hill, including President Benjamin Harrison and poet James Whitcomb Riley, whose grave and monument stand atop the Crown Hill. The cemetery is also the burial site of three U.S. vice-presidents (Thomas A. Hendricks, Charles W. Fairbanks, Thomas Riley Marshall), eleven Indiana governors, fourteen United States Senators, and over a dozen generals of the Civil War. Other notables include Col. Eli Lilly, movie actor James Baskett, and gangster John Dillinger. In 1933, 1,616 Confederate soldiers who died while prisoners of war at Camp Morton (1862-1865) in Indianapolis were reburied here from Greenlawn. Their graves are memorialized at Crown Hill by a large granite monument and ten smaller ones with bronze plaques bearing the names and units of those interred at this location.

Crown Hill Cemetery was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1973. More than 25,000 people pass through the site annually, many on special occasions that include such events as our Celebration of Black History, Memorial Day Services, Bike Safety Festival, President Benjamin Harrison's birthday, a breakfast on the nearest Saturday to 9/11 to honor our Public Safety Professionals and for the public to commemorate the loss of life on 9/11/2001, the "Beyond the Badge 5K Run/Walk," "Spirit of Freedom," Memorial Services, and numerous public and private guided group tours.

Native to Crown Hill's rural setting are animals and birds including deer, squirrels, raccoons, foxes, and red-tailed hawks. Over 250 species of trees and shrubs adorn the grounds with over 100 identified on a tree map. For more information, please stop by the office or visit us on the web at www.crownhill.org or at www.crownhillhf.org, the website for the Crown Hill Heritage Foundation. You can also send an email to info@crownhill.org. Cemetery maps are available free of charge and other educational pieces can be purchased for a nominal fee. Tour and Event information is always available (via recording) by calling (317) 920-2726. You can also find us on Facebook and Twitter at: www.facebook.com/CrownHillHeritageFoundation, www.facebook.com/crownhill.org, and www.twitter.com/CrownHillCem. The gates of Crown Hill are open every day of the year and we welcome your visit.